China Bear Farms Horrific Conditions

Chinese Doctors To Call For ‘Cruel’ Bear Farms To Be Closed

China’s bear farms, where for decades bile has been extracted from the endangered animals in horrific conditions, have been condemned by eminent Chinese scientists.

On the farms, the bears are milked for their bile through crude holes cut into the abdomen wall and the gall bladder

His conclusions will delight campaigners who for years have fought against the farms and freed hundreds of bears from captivity.

They claim that opposition to the industry is growing as China’s burgeoning middle class become increasingly opposed to such cruelty.

Dr Feng will warn the World Traditional Chinese Medicine Congress conference, however, that opponents face a hard battle with traditionalists who remain convinced that real bear bile can help cure many ailments including stomach and digestive disorders and kidney problems. Many people, including government officials, will refuse to accept substitutes, he will say.

On the farms, the bears – mostly Asiatic Black Bears – are kept in tiny, cramped cages and milked for their bile through crude holes cut into the abdomen wall and the gall bladder.

The wounds are deliberately left open, leaving the bears exposed to infection and disease. They are kept hungry and denied free access to water because this helps produce more bile.

Throughout parts of China, some 10,000 endangered Asiatic black bears are currently housed in tiny, restrictive metal cages where they are systematically 'milked' of bile, a digestive fluid produced in the gallbladder which is believed to have medicinal qualities in some Asian traditions.

The farms are still found in many parts of China and other Asian countries, fuelling poaching and illegal trade in the animals.

Dr Feng’s research shows that herbal alternatives and bile from other animals such as cattle – which can be collected cheaply at abbatoirs – can be more effective than Bear Bile.

He will argue that growing opposition to animal substitutes will mean that, eventually, only plant substitutes will be acceptable.

“The final choice will have to be to use plants to substitute bear bile,” he will tell the conference at Central Hall.

“Completely replacing the real one in chemical compositions is really difficult, but it is possible and we are close to proving the reality which is that the pharmacological effects of the substitute are better than those of the real one.”

Animal welfare campaigners point to growing opposition to the farms inside China. Earlier this year the owner of one of the biggest bear bile farms in China – who also owns a large pharmaceutical company – sparked protests in China when he applied for approval to list his company on a stock exchange.

Another speaker at the conference, Toby Zhang, of the charity Animals Asia, said:

“There has been a groundswell of public opinion against bear bile farming which shows that the Chinese people are increasingly concerned about animal welfare issues. Now even tradtional medicine doctors are advising against the use of bear bile.”

Jill Robinson, the English founder and chief executive of the Animal Asia Foundation Charity, which has a sanctuary for rescued Bears in China, said:

“Bears are dying in droves across the country in conditions that are just as horrendous as they were when we began rescuing bears in 1995. This appalling trade has to end.”

“There are over 54 different herbal alternatives and man-made synthetics that can take their place. No one is going to die from a lack of bear bile.”

In December 2009, 19 of China’s mainland provinces committed to becoming bear farm free. Another province, Shandong, closed its last bear farm in 2010.

But there is growing concern that the bear bile trade is still widespread throughout Asia.

The Chinese government estimates that there are currently between 7,000 and 10,000 bears kept for their bile in China. There are an estimated 16,000 Asiatic bears living in the wild.

A report in May by TRAFFIC, the wildlife monitoring network, found that poaching and illegal trade of bears, “continues unabated”, and on a large scale, mostly in China, but also in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Myanmar and Vietnam.

The most common products on sale were pills and whole bear gall bladders where the bile secreted by the liver is stored.

International trade in the bears, and their parts and derivatives, is prohibited under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). The report found that the ban was widely flouted. Domestic trade of bear bile is legal but regulated in China and Japan and illegal in other countries.

Bear bile has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 3,000 years.

Until about 30 years ago, the only way to acquire bear bile was by killing a wild animal and removing its gall bladder. In the early 1980s bear farms began appearing in North Korea and quickly spread to China.

Bears rescued from farms by Animals Asia are found to be suffering from liver cancer, blindness, shattered teeth and ulcerated gums. Contaminated bile from sick bears poses a threat to human health.

The campaign has won support from celebrities including Joanna Lumley, the actress. “Bear farming is a cruel and unnecessary practice,” she said.

“The bears are suffering and dying from liver cancers – and doctors in Asia are now urgently highlighting concerns for those who consume the diseased bile.”

Karen Mok, China’s biggest music star, said: “Animals deserve to live in a world without fear or suffering. We must all help the thousands of bears suffering terrible cruelty.”

Dr Jidong Wu, president of the UK association of traditional chinese medicine at Middlesex university, which prohibits the use of bear bile by its practitioners, said extracting bear bile was “inhumane and unethical” and “against the general principle and law of traditional Chinese medicine which emphasises keeping the balance between mankind and nature.”

Author: David Harrison, The Telegraph:  28 August 2011

Chinese Doctors To Call For Cruel Bear Farms To Be Closed

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Protection 4 Animals

Protection 4 Animals Supports the fantastic work that Jill Robinson and the Animal Asia Foundation carries out to help animals all over the world. Their moto is  ‘Until The Cruelty Ends

To Read more  from Animal Asia ‘China Rallies Against Bear Farming – March 2011’ click here

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Does China Have Open Door To Tiger and Leopard Skin Trade?

Is China opening the door to the tiger and leopard skin trade?

Beijing refuses to respond to conservationists’ concerns about possible re-opening of trade in tiger and leopard skins.


A lack of transparency means it's not clear whether China is allowing the illegal trade in the skins of tiger and leopard skins. Photograph: Mathieu Belanger/REUTERS

Has China quietly reopened the trade in tiger pelts? The question was posed very publicly on Thursday by the Environmental Investigation Agency, which fears that Beijing may be backtracking on an international pledge to save this critically endangered animal.

In a press release, the conservation group accused the Chinese government of opening up a loophole in the tiger trade ban by allowing commercial breeding centres to register and sell skins.

This is a contentious claim on a crucial subject. China won international kudos for prohibiting the trade in 1993, but it remains the main source of demand for illegal tiger products and is under pressure from commercial breeders to relax controls.

The government has repeatedly re-iterated its commitment to protect the animal and curb illegal sales, most recently at last year’s Tiger Summit in St Petersberg.

But it has been far from forthcoming about its efforts to enforce the ban, verify the legality of tiger products and deal with the huge stockpiles of bones and hides that are accumulating in the country’s massive tiger farms.

Along with the lack of transparency is a problem of trust and either an unwillingness or an inability to communicate with the outside world, as I learned today when I tried to get the government’s response to the Environmental Investigation Agency’s accusations.

As is the norm with Chinese government bodies, the press officer at the State Forestry Administration – which oversees tiger conservation – asked for questions in writing to be faxed to his office. When we called to ask when we could expect a response, he admitted that none would ever be forthcoming because senior officials have given up accepting interviews from foreign journalists on wildlife issues because they feel the reporting is too negative.

Putting aside the long-running argument about foreign media coverage of China, this bodes badly for international efforts to save the tiger, which will not work without a higher degree of transparency, accountability and cooperation both within China and across borders.

It is far from certain that China really has re-opened the tiger trade, but the government needs to spell out its position more clearly. Lets hope delegates at next weeks meeting of the United Nations Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species have better luck getting straight answers.

Protection 4 Animals

Protection 4 Animals Supports The Protection of all Tigers and Leopards in all countries throughout the World.

You can email Protection 4 Animals by clicking here

This Article was published by the Gaurdian.co.uk cick here here for the original story and similar articles about Tigers.

China Orders 30,000 Pet Dogs Killed

Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies outbreak in Chinese City.

Dogs in Jiangmen to be seized and put down to improve sanitation but experts brand plan unscientific and inhumane.

Pet dogs seen in the Pengjiang, Jianghai and Xinhui districts of Jiangmen after 26 August face seizure or destruction. Photograph: Dan Chung for the Guardian

A southern Chinese city has banned pet dogs, leaving tens of thousands facing a cull unless they can find new homes. Authorities in Jiangmen, August will be seized or killed, city officials say. Guard dogs will be allowed, but only for companies with property worth at least 5m yuan (£474,000).

The Jiangmen Daily said officials aimed to “prevent and control rabies, maintain public order and sanitation, and create a sound environment for the people”. The newspaper added that 42 of the city’s 4 million residents had died from rabies in the past three years.

“Dogs found with diseases will be euthanised in a humanitarian manner. We will sign agreements with owners before putting down their dogs,”Li Wantong, technology director at an animal disease control centre in Jiangmen, told the there is growing interest in animal rights, particularly among the middle class.

“This [ban] is not scientific, not humane, and it will not last long. In short term, maybe it could be effective, but after that, people still want to keep dogs,” said Dr Tang Qing of the National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention at China‘s Centre for Disease Control. “People won’t accept it and implementing it will be difficult – you can’t break down doors to seize and kill dogs.”

He added that a vaccination programme for dogs would be cheaper and more effective.

China has the world’s second-highest death toll from rabies after India, with cases rising sharply in the past decade, possibly due to increasing pet ownership and rising healthcare costs.

The health ministry says 3,300 people died of the disease in 2007, although the toll fell to 2,466 in 2008 and experts believe the worst may be over.

A 2009 ministry report said only a fifth of China’s 75m dogs were vaccinated against the disease. International Fund for Animal Welfare in China, said: “Decades of research internationally have shown culling is absolutely ineffective in controlling rabies – the only way to control it is through mass vaccination. The second reason that [officials] do it is because people are not taking care of their animals … causing nuisance. That requires education.”

In several cases tightened dog ownership rules have led people to abandon pets, resulting in a large stray population that potentially causes more problems.

Two years ago, Hanzhong in Shaanxi enraged animal lovers by announcing it had culled 36,000 stray and pet dogs.

The Author of this Article was Tania Branigan in Beijing published by the The Guardian, Wed 3 Aug 2011 14.22 BST.

To View the original article you can click here

Additional research by Han Cheng

Protection 4 Animals

Protection 4 Animals Supports The Protection of all Animals in all countries throughout the World. It is against the cruelty, torture and experiments on any Animals. It is also again China’s terrible Animal Welfare Policy as in this case the Killing of 30,000 Pet Dogs.

You can email Protection 4 Animals by clicking here